In vitro fertilization or IVF is a technique which revolutionized medicine when it first appeared in 1978 as if offered the possibility for many women with fertility problems to become pregnant. Pregnancy is a wonderful and miraculous thing which with women are blessed to experience but unfortunately health problems and other causes can be an impediment when it comes to getting pregnant.
At a certain point in live every women begins to think about getting pregnant as this is a process which ensures stability and a state of fulfillment. Every woman should have the chance to experience the wonders of pregnancy and giving birth but unfortunately infertility cases are increasing. Being infertile should not trigger negative thoughts and emotions of guilt as it is usually something humans don’t have control over, but thankful to the evolutions in medical technology, infertile women are offered a chance to become pregnant.
IVF makes getting pregnant possible by harvesting a woman’s egg and fertilizing it manually. The fertilized ovocyte or egg is introduced into the woman’s uterus where it attaches itself to the uterus’s lining where if everything works out normally the egg will develop into a fetus. The possibility of becoming pregnant varies from person to person according to several factors like medical history, age, etc. The chances of success are not guaranteed but it seems that thousands of women received a chance and benefited from this procedure.
Because every day new discoveries are done, this technique has passed through different stages of refinement which enabled women to have their eggs collected without turning to surgery. New, modern techniques which involve highly performant ultrasounds, blood tests and anesthesia allow women to have their eggs collected with a minimum amount of discomfort. So how do they do it?
Women need to prepare before an egg can be collected in order to ensure an optimum environment which might lead to collecting multiple eggs at one time. The more eggs the higher the chance one fertilized egg will fully develop. Women who opt for IVF need to take hormones which will ensure their eggs will turn out healthy and perfect for fertilization.
Several tests are performed to determine the exact time when an egg is released by the ovaries in order for the retrieval to be done in time. The egg is retrieved with a special device under anesthesia so no pain can be experienced. The egg is then fertilized manually with semen from the husband, boyfriend or donor and after 2 days placed into the uterus using a special catheter. If everything goes well a pregnancy will develop and women will be able to experience the wonders of being a mother.
One of the “side effects” (if you can call them that) of in vitro fertilization is the chance of multiple pregnancy. Usually the hormones administrated trigger the release of multiple eggs which, to increase the chances of success are introduced into the uterus. The more eggs implanted the higher the chances are for one egg to survive and develop normally. There have been situations where multiple eggs have survived and started to develop causing multiple pregnancy. Multiple pregnancies can pose a health threat for the mother as well as the babies so it is not a situation to be desired.
Although this is not a recent procedure people are still reluctant to IVF as the church is highly against artificial induced pregnancy. IVF could lead to overpopulation as many women who could not have children have a high chance of getting pregnant through IVF.