Dandruff is the result of dead skin cells which start to flake off the scalp area. Due to it’s whitish appearance, the dandruff is very visible and creates a very unpleasant and unaesthetic look, a look which can make people feel embarrassed and uncomfortable. In some cases dandruff can be accompanied by itching. The itching is actually caused by the flaking skin and as the scalp is scratched more flakes are separated.
Extreme flaking of the skin can also be triggered by excessive dryness of the scalp, excessive scalp oils as well as a reaction to certain ingredients found in shampoos. Usually dandruff can be easily treated but in the cases of excessive flaking and irritations medical consultations are a must. Dermatologists will be able to determine if the excessive flaking is due to another cause and if special treatment is required. To get rid of dandruff and prevent it from reappearing you need to:
pay attention to what might have triggered the dandruff to appear and eliminate the product from use. Certain chemicals found in shampoos, hair gels, hair sprays might irritate your scalp and trigger the flaking
make sure you rinse your hair thoroughly whenever you are washing your hair because any remaining traces of shampoo can irritate the scalp and cause it to flake
try to use shampoos that are especially created to deal with this problem. They contain certain ingredients which get rid of the flakes and prevent dandruff from reappearing. Choose a brand that you like and stick to it if it works for you
make sure you are eating healthy as a healthy diet can influence and prevent dandruff from appearing. A good balance between vegetables, fruits and lean meats can offer your skin as well as your hair only healthy benefits
scalp massages can help improve the blood circulation around the scalp, thus ensuring a better oxygenation and increased vitamin contribution
try some homemade recipes if you are a convinced naturalist as they might help as well. Vinegar, coconut oil, tea tree oil make great options in treating dandruff problems
Stick to a healthy diet and anti dandruff shampoos if you want to prevent the dandruff from reappearing. Seek help from a dermatologist if you tried everything and the flakes persist as well if you experience painful itching.