Skin care in your teen years
In the teen years your skin is its best condition in terms of renewal, regeneration and elasticity. The drawback of this age however is the “hormone havoc” – acne, blackheads and excessive sebum production. Surprisingly, many teenagers are using vodka, deep heat, TCP antiseptic, tooth paste and even nail polish remover on their skin to fight spots and acne, but even those who don’t go to such extreme lengths could be causing irreparable damage to their skin by using harsh scrubs and abrasive formulations.
Also, if you’re suffering from acne or problem skin, attempting to strip excess oil from the skin encourages it to overcompensate and produce even more! So avoid anything containing SD alcohol (a very common ingredient in skin care products) and opt instead for a gentle, antibacterial cleanser with salicylic acid, or a clay-based cleanser which will help absorb excess oil. It’s really important to get to know your skin and if it feels tight after cleansing, switch to something milder.
Blemishes and spots on face are caused by three factors combined: excess oil, the build-up of dead skin cells and bacteria. To counter the build-up of dead skin cells use a gentle scrub/exfoliator.
On blemishes, use a treatment to dry them out such as benzyl peroxide 5% and resist all urges to pick or squeeze the spot! You will make it look worse and could scar yourself for life – always remember that your spots will clear up but scars will last forever!
Conceal the redness with a product like a blemish clearing concealer, which will help to zap the spot as it conceals it. Don’t forget to moisturize – oily skin still needs nourishment. Try oily-free formulations that will prime the skin for makeup. We know it’s hard but don’t despair! Well chosen products can significantly improve your skin’s condition but your might need medication to fully clear acne – speak to your doctor. And don’t worry, most teens will grow out of the condition by the time they hit their 20’s.
Skin care in your 20s
By the time you hit your 20’s you should be definitely be wearing an SPF in your moisturizer. Whether it’s a chemical sunscreen, such as Meroxyl XL or a physical one like zinc oxide. When choosing an SPF moisturizer make sure it’s “broad spectrum” so that it protects against both UVA (rays that age you) and UVB (rays that burn you). Skin experts recommend Wearing an SPF of at least 15 on your face even in winter. Try SPF 25 during the summer months and SPF 15 for the rest of the year.
When you’re in your 20’s, it is a great time to get into the habit of wearing an eye cream. The skin around the eyes is very delicate and can show lines and wrinkles before the rest of the face. Therefore morning and night, use a light eye cream to keep the area nourished.
Some people, having good skin in their teens can develop acne in their 20’s. This is usually due to hormonal changes such as PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) or to stress. Obviously the best line of attack is to address the cause, so if you do think yours is caused by stress, try to incorporate more relaxation into your life and speak to your doctor.
Even if you don’t have adult acne, you might still have blackheads or milia (whiteheads), that are often caused by products blocking your pores so check your makeup and moisturizer ingredients. These ingredients can all commonly be found in foundations and blushes and try to avoid them if your are prone to spots and blemishes: mineral oils, red dyes, Isopropyl myristate, lanolin.
Skin care in your 30s
Cell turnover start to slow down in your 30’s so you might find that your skin looks a little dull. Help to combat this with regular exfoliation to get rid of dead skin cells. Consider opting for microdermabrasion formulations which have finer natural granules than traditional scrubs, exfoliators and shouldn’t irritate the skin. You skin lacks radiance and to increase it with zero effort, try a foundation with light reflection or wear illuminating fluid under your foundation.
Whether you’re juggling kids or a busy career, now’s the time to nail a five minute makeup routine which will keep you looking fresh and polished all day.
Skin care in your 40s
Your 40’s tend to be the decade when your skin really starts to show signs of aging such as wrinkles and age spots. Thankfully, there are a number of brightening products on the market which will help to diminish the appearance of age spots. As oil production decreases as you age, you may also find that skin feel significantly drier. However, there is a difference between oil-dry and moisture-dry skin types and you might not need extra oil in your products until you hit the menopause. If you feel you have moisture-dry skin, choose products that are rich in hyaluronic acid which is great for its water-retaining properties.
Vitamin A (usually referred to as retinol) is a popular choice in products specifically for older skins due to its ability to stimulate collagen for a plumper skin effect, increased cell turnover for a smoother finish and reduced pigmentation. However, retinol can cause irritation, but the form most people can tolerate is retinyl palmitate.
If you choose product with Vitamin A, make sure you wear a good sunscreen. By increasing cell turnover, those on the surface of the skin are younger and therefore are susceptible to sun damage.
Skin care tips 50+
By the time you reach your 50’s cell turnover will have significantly slowed down, so it is important to get rid of dull, dead skin cells to keep the skin looking as vital possible. A regenerating serum can be worn under your moisturizer and will help resurface skin for fresh results.
As mentioned, oil production slows down as we age and once you hit menopause, it may be time for a richer, more emollient moisturizer. Both collagen and elastin are attacked by sun-generated free radicals but antioxidants can help to minimize the damage. So check your moisturizer contains collagen and elastin, alongside a broad spectrum sunscreen.
Peptapeptides are the current buzz-word in anti aging as studied have shown them to be effective at helping to boost collagen and elastin production in the skin. Look for them when choosing your skin care range. Whichever product you choose, always give it some time. You should feel that the general appearance of your skin improves after about a month but for a more dramatic change, you might need to wait for up to six months.