Melasma or brown spots on skin is a common skin condition that appear mostly on the face, on the cheeks, the forehead. Here is how can you get rid of melasma or brown spots on skin.

The exact cause of melasma is still unknown but there are certain known factors that can trigger melasma to appear.Pregnancy, birth control pills, hormones and sun exposure are only a few known factors that can trigger melasma.

Cosmetics and medications that cause allergies can also trigger melasma, though pregnancy and sun exposure are the most common factors to cause this skin condition.

Melasma is more common among people with darker skin tones because of their active melanin pigmentation. Usually the melasma spots disappear on their own especially after pregnancy or stopping the birth control pills or hormone medications.

If however the spots won't go away by themselves here is what you can do to get rid of melasma or brown spots:

There are a variety of creams available on the market that help treat melasma. They contain a lightening agent which helps diminish the appearance of the brown spots.

If they don't work a dermatologist may prescribe a cream with a higher concentration of lightening agent.

Keep in mind that these creams might cause allergies so if you see anything suspicious consult your dermatologist.

Creams which contain azelaic acid or tretinoin can also help with melasma treatment.

Chemical peels, microdermabrazion and laser treatments can also be performed to get rid of melasma.

Medication prescribed by the dermatologist and sunscreens also help to get rid of melasma or brown spots.

Keep in mind that melasma may not go away as quickly as you may think or wish, it could take several months for it to clear up. So consult your dermatologist and follow his advice thoroughly.