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TM Martin




17 Jul 2018
United States

  • 11534 Rank

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Published on: 27 Mar 2019 by tmmartin

Advice for the basic care of newborns

Normally newborn dogs and cats do not need much extra care on our part as they are usually the first weeks of life with their mother, and it is she who is responsible for everything goes well.

Even so, sometimes we can find a case of newborn animals that are either orphans, or their mother cannot take care of them as they should, so here we give a series of tips for the care of nursing dogs and cats.

Feeding: it is important that the first month of life the puppies are fed with powdered milk formulated specifically for them. It is not advisable to feed them with cow's milk, since this one is poorer in nutrients and has a high lactose content, which can provoke the puppies serious intestinal problems

The amount to be taken according to age and weight is indicated on the specific milk containers. When they are newborns we must take the shots every 3 hours, and they are spaced out in time as the puppies grow, when they exceed two weeks of life, you can take 4 shots a day.

Management: as important as what we feed our nursing puppy is how we do it. The most appropriate position to bottle both kittens and puppies is horizontal, lying down, favoring the natural posture they would have if they were to suck from their mother. A poor posture when giving a bottle, as well as the use of an inappropriate bottle, can cause the food to go into the respiratory tract creating problems such as aspiration pneumonia, very dangerous in newborns

On the other hand, newborns are not able to relieve themselves, so it is necessary to help them by gently stimulating them with damp cotton or gauze, and by doing abdominal massages, just as their mother would.

We must also take special care to maintain the body temperature of the puppies. When they are so small they are not able to regulate their own temperature and may suffer hypothermia. To avoid this it is important to keep the puppy and the environment warm, in colder times it is advisable to place bottles of hot water in the place where the small ones are to help them maintain their body heat.

Weaning: Once the puppies are growing and meet around the month of life is the ideal time to start weaning. There are some specific feed for puppies that help the little ones to start eating. Puppies should eat these feeds up to 12 months in small breeds and 18 months in large breeds.

When they start to walk and eat alone it is time to teach them to relieve themselves in a specific place. In the case of kittens, they are usually very clean animals and instinctively do their needs on land or sand, for this we can place a sandbox nearby and gradually begin to use it. In the case of dogs, it is also advisable to teach them to do their needs in one place, there are some soaked diapers to place on the floor and teach the children to do their needs in the same place that can be very useful.

Deworming: The last important point in the care of puppies is deworming, there are parasites that are transmitted by the mother, that is, although our puppies do not have contact with the outside, it is possible that if their mother had an internal parasite there transmitted, that is why it is very important to deworm them with adequate products around the month and a half of life

With these basic tips you can enjoy a healthy and happy puppy, and before any doubt or problem it is advisable to always go to your veterinarian on


pet hospital

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