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29 Apr 2019
United Kingdom

  • 11534 Rank

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Published on: 30 Sep 2019 by michaeljord

Gastrointestinal Disorders: Everything You Need to Know

From constipation to hemorrhoids, a number of issues affect our digestive system. Most of these
disorder not only the digestive system of the person but they also cause lots of discomfort.

Without treatment at the earliest, they may cause issues that can hamper with daily routines. But
without information, a remedy is not possible. Here are a few things you should know about Gastrointestinal Disorders and how to get rid of them.

Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders

There are a number of disorders that affect the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. One of those is Functional disorders in which though the GI looks normal, it does not function properly. These disorders frequently affect colon and rectum, for example, constipation and IBS (irritable bowel syndrome). There are a number of reasons why this
happens, including:

-> Traveling or other changes in routine

-> Not enough exercise

-> Stress

-> Not attending nature's call

-> Eating a diet low in fiber

-> Taking medicines like iron pills, antidepressants,strong pain relief medicines and narocotics

->  Overusing laxatives(stoll softeners)

->  Overindulging on dairy products. 

->  Taking aluminum and magnesium antacid

->  To avoid pain from hemorrholds

->  Pregnancy


One of the most common types of functional disorders, a person has a hard time emptying his
bowels and has serious bloating due to it. The feeling of fullness also persists as the person is not able to pass the stool completely or does so less than 3 times a week. It is caused due to lack of fiber in the diet and sudden change in diet and routine.

The person has to strain while in the toilet and the stool is hard, dry and sometimes small. It may also give rise to complications such as hemorrhoids and fissures.

You can avoid constipation by:

-> Increasing the amount of fiber in your diet

-> Attending the call as soon the urge hits

-> Exercising regularly

In case these tips don’t work, you may take laxatives - but only for a short time. Since laxatives are habit-forming, it is important to understand the risk related to them. In fact, they may even worsen your constipation in the long run, with your body losing its natural function. Hence, before taking laxatives, talk to a doctor.

IBS - Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Also known as spastic colon, nervous stomach, and irritable colon, IBS is a disease in which colon muscles contract more frequently than normal. It leads to changes in bowel habits such as harder or looser stools. Even the urgency of passing stools may be affected. It also includes Some foods, environments, and medications that can be considered major triggers of IBS. 

Symptoms of IBS are:

-> Excess gas

-> Abdominal cramps

-> Bloating

-> Constipation or diarhea

To remedy the situation, other than meeting and discussing the issue with your doctor, you can do the following:

-> Avoid foods that trigger IBS

-> Eat fiber rich food

-> Avoid caffeine

-> Minimize stress

-> Manage stress

Structural Gastrointestinal Disorders

Different from functional disorders as not only does the function of the system is unusual, it even looks different physically. This abnormality has to be removed surgically. For example, colon cancer, hemorrhoids, inflammatory bowel disease, colon polyps, and diverticular disease. These issues only have home-based relief methods and not treatment since that has to be done in the presence of a doctor


Caused by excess pressure from straining over the toilet, pregnancy and chronic diarrhea, hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels lining the anal opening. They cause a lot of discomfort, especially after a person empties his or her bowels and can get inflamed from time to time. Thus, talk to your doctor at the earliest and let them know about the condition before it worsens.

Anal Fissures

Characterized by painful splits and cracks on the lining of and around the anal sphincter, anal fissures are caused by very either runny or very hard stools. These cracks expose the muscles underneath to both air and stool, leading to an intense burning sensation, bleeding, or spasms along with pain.


Issues such as those mentioned above can cause intense pain, and not to mention, discomfort. Further, these disorders, when aggravated can give rise to serious complications that may have life-long implications. Following the guidelines of a specialist during these times can truly save you a lot of hassle both in short and long terms.


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