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Published on: 14 Jan 2017 by surgerypurfect
There are many things that go into the process of getting a laminectomy. This surgery is performed while the patient is under general anesthesia, and mechanical ventilation. They will not feel anything during the surgery. During the surgery, a mask will be placed over the patient’s face which gives them both oxygen and anesthesia. Sometimes doctors also provide medicines through veins to help the patient relax.
After the patient is unconscious, a tube will be inserted through their mouth and vocal cords into their trachea. According to WebMD, this process is referred to as intubation. A breathing machine (a ventilator) will provide the lungs with air. Vital signs are always continuously monitored during the surgery.
The operation is done while the patient is lying on their stomach, face down, so the surgeons have easy access to the back. Then the surgeon begins to perform the actual laminectomy. This includes making a small incision in the back to expose the spine. Then the surgeon cuts away bone, bone spurs, and ligaments that aren’t supposed to be there. If the patient has specified that they wanted spinal fusion, the surgeon will perform that as well. Spinach fusion is used to stabilize the spine.
Once the surgery is complete, the area that was operated on will be stitched. Then the anesthesia will be turned off and the patient will be fully conscious again soon after. Once complete, the patient won’t be able to leave immediately. They will be transferred to a post operation area to be observed. There are a number of people that are able to go home that same day of the surgery, but many patients are admitted to the hospital from anywhere between one to five days to recover.
After the surgery, the patient will feel pain in their lower back. This will be prevented by a strong dosage of pain medicines (usually narcotics or opiates). Patients might need help after the surgery around home with things such as getting out of bed and walking normally. In around 1-2 weeks patients should be able to drive and walk normally again. While recovering, it is best to limit any activities that include bending, or lifting. The stitches will be removed in around 2 weeks.
Everyone’s recovery time for the surgery will be different depending on their situation. Some people might need 3 weeks to recover, where other people might only need one. Once the patient is fully recovered, they should slowly start to include exercises into their daily routine such as light walking.