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Published on: 26 Feb 2017 by samuel

What ingredients are in toothpaste and what do they do?

We all brush our teeth at least twice a day, morning and night. We do this in the knowledge that we are helping to keep our teeth and gums healthy. But have you ever wondered what the active ingredients are? How are they responsible for protecting and maintaining oral health? How do these ingredients work? Well, continue reading to find the answers to these questions. Fluoride

This is the major ingredient that helps to fight against tooth decay. Fluoride is a naturally occurring mineral, and as such, helps to strengthen the enamel, the hard-outer surface of the tooth. This helps to prevent holes in the tooth and as fluoride is also a natural neutraliser, it helps to protect the teeth from the attack of acidic drinks and food. It is very important that you buy toothpastes that contains fluids for the reasons mentioned above. Abrasive properties

All toothpastes have abrasive properties. They help to remove stains and food debris from your teeth and around the gum area. Primitively, toothpastes were too harsh and contained items such as egg shells to make them abrasive! Toothpastes have come a long way since those early days. Today mild abrasives are used that gently clean the teeth. These abrasive qualities include the chemicals; calcium carbonate, hydrated aluminium oxides and dehydrated silicia gels. What you want to achieve when brushing your teeth is to rid the surface of the tooth of any plaque or food debris, without damaging the enamel surface. Flavouring

We all want our mouth to feel fresh and tingling after we have brushed our teeth, and flavourings have a big role in achieving this. You can now buy toothpaste with any flavouring that you like, but most people prefer mint. Flavouring ingredients are usually those of sweetness including saccharin and sorbitol. What is important to note, is that these are safe sweeteners, and not sugars that will contribute to tooth decay. They are in the toothpaste to make brushing your teeth a more pleasurable experience. Detergent

All toothpastes contain a detergent or foaming agent, as without this foam you would not be able to brush your teeth effectively. The most common detergent that is used is that of sodium lauryl sulfate. Moisturizers

All toothpastes will have what is known as humectants in the paste. This is simply a moisturiser that keeps the paste from drying out and helps to give it the smooth appearance that we all know and love. Preservatives

The last thing you want is for microbes to be growing in your toothpaste, so this is why preservatives are included. Without preservatives, it would have to be kept in the fridge, which is not good if you have sensitive teeth. 

 

For more information, click here.

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