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Published on: 14 Nov 2017 by medversus

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Anatomical
pathology

 

Anatomical pathology is the study of organs and tissues to
determine the causes and effects of particular diseases. An anatomical
pathologist’s findings are fundamental to medical diagnosis, patient management
and research. Anatomical pathology involves macroscopic pathology,
histopathology (the combination of these two usually being referred to as
“surgical” pathology), cytopathology and morbid anatomy. Histopathology is
concerned with the microscopic examination of tissues, taken either as biopsy
samples or resection specimens. Tissues are assessed macroscopically, and
material is taken for microscopic examination for the purpose of diagnosis,
prognosis and directing appropriate treatment. Cytopathology is the study of
individual cells aspirated or obtained from body fluids or tissues, including
exfoliative cytology, to detect abnormalities. Morbid anatomy is the use of the
autopsy to determine cause of death and investigate both the associated and
“incidental” (unrelated to cause of death) effects of drugs, toxins and disease
processes on bodily organs. Anatomical pathologists work with almost all
medical specialties, including surgeons and general practitioners, using
techniques available in the anatomical pathology laboratory to provide
information and advice essential to clinical practic.

                                              

Anaesthesia

 

Anaesthesia refers to the practice of administering
medications either by injection or by inhalation that block the feeling of pain
and other sensations, or that produce a deep state of unconsciousness that
eliminates all sensations, which allows medical and surgical procedures to be
undertaken without causing undue distress or discomfort.
Relief of pain and suffering is central to the practice of anaesthesia.
Specialist anaesthetists are fully qualified medical doctors who hold a degree
in medicine and spend at least two years working in the hospital system before
completing a further five years (or equivalent) of accredited training in
anaesthesia culminating in being awarded a diploma of fellowship of the
Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA), which can be
recognised by the initials FANZCA after their name. General Practitioners (GP)
are able to offer anaesthesia services in rural areas where there is no ongoing
specialist cover available. It means that a general practitioner is able to
offer this service to their community to avoid patients having to travel to
larger regional centres to access surgery. GP anaesthesia training is
administered by the Joint Consultative Committee on Anaesthesia (JCCA).
GPs can practice with a sub-specialty; this allows them to focus on a
particular area of medical interest. See below for further information on the
training requirements for a sub-specialty in Anaesthesia .

Addiction Medicine

Addiction medicine is the comprehensive care of people with
a wide range of addiction disorders, including drug and alcohol addiction and
pharmaceutical dependency. Addiction medicine physicians work collaboratively
with a multidisciplinary team of clinicians to improve health outcomes for
patients.
GPs can practice with a sub-specialty; this allows them to focus on a
particular area of medical interest. See below for further information on the
training requirements for a sub-specialty in Addiction
Medicine .

 

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