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Published on: 07 Dec 2017 by brookespenc88
Are you at a risk for gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is a kind of diabetes which occurs in pregnant women. Here are some of the risk factors for gestational diabetes:
If you are obese
If you have suffered from gestational diabetes during your previous pregnancies
If you have a history of type 2 diabetes
If you have been suffering from pre diabetes
What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes?
Usually, there are no signs or symptoms that you are suffering from gestational diabetes. It may cause the fetus to become larger than usual and this may complicate your delivery. The baby may also suffer from low blood glucose after it is born. This makes it imperative to follow a good diet plan and maintain your weight during pregnancy so that you can minimize your risk of gestational diabetes. If you suffer from gestational diabetes, you will be at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes in future.
During gestational diabetes, you will have high blood sugar levels. 4 percent of all pregnancies are with this condition and it is only diagnosed during the later stages of pregnancy.
It is believed that gestational diabetes occurs owing to hormonal changes due to pregnancy and when the pregnant women begins to get resistant to insulin. Insulin is the special cells in the pancreas which break down glucose into energy. When the level of insulin is low, your body cannot metabolize glucose well and this increases the level of blood sugar.
Every woman must be screened for gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
What are the associated risks?
If you have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you must follow proper care to ensure your baby is delivered healthy. When your blood glucose level is high, the baby’s blood sugar will also be high. This makes the fetus to get large leading to a caesarian delivery. The baby could also suffer from respiratory distress symptoms or jaundice and in rare cases, this could also be fatal for the baby. The baby may be born overweight and develop type 2 diabetes after a while.
If you are suffering from gestational diabetes, then you are also at a risk of suffering from preeclampsia which is the condition of increased protein in the urine and high blood pressure.